The Contracting Parties decide on MAP strategies, budget and programme in pursuit of MAP’s goal at their Ministerial level meetings, held every two years. They appoint Focal Points to review the progress of work and ensure the implementation of recommendations at the national level. A rotating Bureau of six representatives of the Contracting Parties guides and advises the MAP Secretariat in the interim period between the biannual meetings.
The 22 Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention are:
Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, the European Community, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey.
Since 1982, the MAP Coordinating Unit (MEDU) has been based in Athens on the basis of a Host Country Agreement signed between Greece and UNEP. The Greek Government provides financial and logistical support to MAP and accords the Secretariat Diplomatic status. The MAP Coordinating Unit is the Secretariat of the Mediterranean Action Plan. It performs diplomatic, political and communications roles, supervising the main MAP components (Regional Activity Centres) and organizes major meetings and programmes.
MAP’s activities are primarily financed by the Contracting Parties through their contributions to the Mediterranean Trust Fund. Other main sources of funding to support specific projects and activities include voluntary contributions from the European Union, UN agencies, and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
The Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD) is an advisory body to the Contracting Parties. It has a unique structure of representatives of the 22 Contracting Parties as well as 15 rotating representatives from local authorities, business community and NGOs, forming, on equal footing, a think-tank on policies for promoting sustainable development in the Mediterranean Basin. The MCSD coordinated the preparation of the Mediterranean Strategy on Sustainable Development (MSSD), which was adopted by the Contracting Parties in 2005.
The Programme for the Assessment and Control of Marine Pollution in the Mediterranean Region (MED POL) is the scientific and technical component of MAP. It is responsible for the implementation of the Land-Based Sources, Dumping, and Hazardous Wastes Protocols. MED POL assists Mediterranean countries in the formulation and implementation of pollution monitoring programmes, including pollution control measures and the drafting of action plans aiming to eliminate pollution from land-based sources.
Six MAP Regional Activity Centres (RACs) are based in Mediterranean countries, each offering its own environmental and developmental expertise for the benefit of the Mediterranean community in the implementation of MAP activities.