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Protocols  

The Barcelona Convention has given rise to seven Protocols addressing specific aspects of Mediterranean environmental conservation.


Dumping Protocol


Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft
Adoption: 16 February 1976 (Barcelona, Spain)
Entry into force: 12 February 1978

The Dumping Protocol was amended and recorded as:

Protocol for the Prevention and Elimination of Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft or Incineration at Sea
Adoption: 10 June 1995 (Barcelona, Spain)
not yet in force


Prevention and Emergency Protocol

Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Preventing Pollution from Ships and, in Cases of Emergency, Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea
Adoption: 25 January 2002 (Malta)
Entry into force: 17 March 2004
This Protocol replaced the Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency (adopted on 16 February 1976 in Barcelona, Spain) which was in force since 12 February 1978.

LBS Protocol


Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources

Adoption: 17 May 1980 (Athens, Greece)
Entry in to force: 17 June 1983

The LBS Protocol was amended and recorded as:

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities
Adoption: 7 March 1996 (Syracuse, Italy)
Entry into force: 11 May 2008  


SPA and Biodiversity Protocol

Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean
Adoption: 10 June 1995 (Barcelona, Spain)
Entry into force: 12 December 1999

The Annexes to the SPA and Biodiversity Protocol were adopted on 24 November 1996 (Monaco)

Annexes II and III of the Protocol were amended by Decision IG.21/6 of the Contracting Parties
Adoption: 6 December 2013 (Istanbul, Turkey)
Entry into force: 30 March 2014

Previously, Annexes II and III of the SPA and Biodiversity Protocol had been amended by Decision IG.19/12 (adopted on 5 November 2009, in Marrakesh, Morocco). The amended Annexes were in force since 13 February 2011)

This Protocol replaced the Protocol concerning Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas (adopted on 3 April 1982, in Geneva, Switzerland) which was in force since 23 March 1986.


Offshore Protocol


Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and its Subsoil
Adoption: 14 October 1994 (Madrid, Spain)
Entry into force:24 March 2011


Hazardous Wastes Protocol

Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
Adoption: 1 October 1996 (Izmir, Turkey)
Entry into force: 19 January 2008


ICZM Protocol

Protocol on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the Mediterranean
Adoption: 21 January 2008 (Madrid, Spain)
Entry into force:24 March 2011


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